Additive and subtractive forms generate characters, personalities.

DOS is from Minneapolis-Saint Paul, Minnesota. Its bi-polar halves, Deux and Deuce, are in conflict about the "true" orientation of the world. Black and white is too reductive, maybe they could meet in the middle?


Collage is clothing and context. What DOS wears accentuates its two unique halves while foregrounding a middle. Where DOS inhabits is two worlds, up and down - unique in identity yet linked - where hierarchy is relative. In collage, the plan of Villa Rotunda becomes an urban plan and DOS' home - a threshold between two worlds.

The book's life begins in its conventional accomodation on shelves in the ground floor library. In the interstitial floors between library and museum the book beomes a decorative profile, a sign of its former life, a contemplative notion.

It is finally placed on a pedestal in the top-floor museum as an artifact or relic, joining a statue from Boullee's French National Library. It ultimately ends up a statistic in a pile of discarded books. The transition of the book from tool to art to trash is expressed in the programmatic transition from bottom-half library to upper-half museum.

Bas-relief sketch model

Duality // The studio investigates power in architecture through the elaboration of character, narrative and context. How can the successive layers of meaning extracted from form and figuration inform an architecture? A bas relief model ultimately tests ideas about formal and spatial hierarchy, or a lack thereof, within the programs of a library and museum.

DOS is a character and characteristic of an idea about duality. Duality implies simultaneity - two things in the same place and time or multi-purpose.

Character and narrative collapse in programmatic composition. Plan, section and elevation guide the exploration and potential of duality in interior space and activity. The concept of duality was furthered by deploying the book as simultaneously educative tool and art object.

The bas relief tests the formal and interior composition of the challenges of resolving space and activity.

Spring 2015
Arch 552, Architectural Design II: Power