A single-family home at Indiana Dunes National Lakeshore, House 001 is the subversion of conventional notions of the house and domesticity by a reversal: designing inside-out. Research on the mid-century American Case Study homes informed the design of House 001 in the way that relationships between objects, furnishings, decor, structure, envelope, and landscaping comprised a gesamtkunstwerk - nothing out of place, everything with intention, the house a total work of art. The house and domesticity was re-imagined from the inside-out.

Mobile furniture plays a literally active role for the family - furniture capable of "keeping up" by virtue of their expediency, convenience and portability, including things that roll (like pillows on wheels), mobile desks, beanbag chairs, and a plethora of portable cushions for instant seating anywhere.

Structural concrete columns allow for open plan living with the added benefit of cozy pockets that create multi-functional spaces for lounging, conversation, sleeping or dining. These areas stage the flow, coincidence and intersection of activities that characterize a lifestyle of fluid openness and clustered intimacy.

CNC milled insulation slabs to be prepped for painting.

The addition of a zen garden of stepped gravel beds and ferns becomes a contemplative break from and counterpoint to interior activity.


As Above, So Below

La Libreria II began as Dos: A formal character or personality symbolizing two, polarity, duality, and most importantly a synthesis of opposites (see Dyad I).

An urban Villa Rotunda turned DOS' home (threshold), a house of knowledge and culture blowing open a hole in a world of convention and abstraction - firmly embedded. Character and narrative collapse in programmatic composition.

Books: In La Libreria II, the book ascends from a tool of knowledge housed in a library to the status of high-brow art in a museum.

The architecture of La Libreria guides the book's journey as a thing-in-itself through its hybrid library-museum programming. As the book journeys upward it becomes increasingly abstracted from an object of information to an object of contemplation. There's value in the book as an educational tool, but its value is transformed or exchanged for another kind of value when it transitions into decoration and even further as an object solely of contemplation - placed on a pedestal in the museum as an artifact or relic ascending the heights of literary history and quite literally elevating the book into a position of cultural power. The book comes full circle: knowledge is power.

Unified discontinuities: The book sheds parts of itself (its capacity to bear knowledge) while retaining and adding other qualities (becoming decorative) in order to architecturally tie distinct spaces together. The book morphs into an architectural unit unto itself, not unlike the brick, but serving simultaneously a decorative and educational purpose. The book's metamorphosis is reflected in the transformation of building form and function from one thing into something of an opposite - two counteracting forces, spaces, and things, below and above, library and museum, tool and objet d'art - as complementary parts embodied in a dyad.


Vanillatecture is an experiment in architectural form, tectonics and environment by deploying energy as radical building materials. Specifically, a kind of basis for new architectural form derived from the characteristics and potentials of heat and scent emerged, hence Ol'Factory, architecturalizing vanilla in a controlled environment. The study of intensities, gradients, and dynamic, invisible yet traceable, boundaries perceived by human and digital sensors supports the architectural viability of energy forms as future material applications and new architectural experiences in themselves.

In collaboration with Tin-Yun Wong